Gallo et al. J Cell Sci. 2020


 

Role of the Sec22b-E-Syt complex in neurite growth and ramification. Gallo A, Danglot L, Giordano F, Hewlett B, Binz T, Vannier C, Galli T. J Cell Sci. 2020 Sep 15;133(18):jcs247148. doi: 10.1242/jcs.247148. PMID: 32843578. Download from HAL-INSERM

Abstract

Axons and dendrites are long and often ramified neurites that need particularly intense plasma membrane (PM) expansion during the development of the nervous system. Neurite growth depends on non-fusogenic Sec22b-Stx1 SNARE complexes at endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-PM contacts. Here, we show that Sec22b interacts with members of the extended synaptotagmin (E-Syt) family of ER lipid transfer proteins (LTPs), and this interaction depends on the longin domain of Sec22b. Overexpression of E-Syts stabilizes Sec22b-Stx1 association, whereas silencing of E-Syts has the opposite effect. Overexpression of wild-type E-Syt2, but not mutants unable to transfer lipids or attach to the ER, increase the formation of axonal filopodia and ramification of neurites in developing neurons. This effect is inhibited by a clostridial neurotoxin cleaving Stx1, and expression of the Sec22b longin domain and a Sec22b mutant with an extended linker between the SNARE and transmembrane domains. We conclude that Sec22b-Stx1 ER-PM contact sites contribute to PM expansion by interacting with LTPs, such as E-Syts.This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.

Keywords: Axonal growth; Filopodia; Lipid transfer protein; Membrane contact site; Membrane trafficking; SNARE.